Green Sea Turtle
The Green Turtle is larger then the Hawksbill Turtle and can grow to 1m. The difference between males and females is that females have short tails and the males have long tails.
Diet and Importance
The Green Turtle diet is mainly seagrass. It is important to the Great Barrier Reef because when it eats the seagrass it is like its giving it a hair cut or mow. When it gives the seagrass a hair cut it makes it grow better and helps many fish species.
Breeding, Early Life and Threats
The first 15 years of a turtles life is called the mystery years because scientists don't know what they are doing! Unfortunately the Green Sea Turtle got its name because when you make it into soup it turns green! They often get trapped in fishing nets and are made into many products such as hair combs, hand bags and jewellery! But are also made into meat! They will often call it Tortoise Shell. Rubbish is another massive threat. When its stomach gets filled with rubbish its proper food gets turned into liquid. Only one out of 1000 will survive to be a adult. But scientists believe that may be less now because of human threats. Some natural predators are crabs, monitors, dingos, seagulls and sharks. Another threat is that the temperature of the nest determines the gender but with heat increasing because of Global Warming they will all be females and eventually there will be no males to mate with.
There are conservationists that locals and have successfully educated them how to protect marine habitats. Marine Turtles often get caught in fishing nets but there is a special net where the Turtle can escape. But not every fishing boat has one. Some islands find turtles sacred and can't touch them! Many organisations clean up beaches. Many wildlife hospitals treat injured Sea Turtles and realise them back into the wild when they get better.
How You Can Help